Smart home energy management system using Internet of Things
Global energy demand is increasing rapidly, and carbon dioxide emissions and global warming have become a worldwide central issue, prompting many countries to switch to renewable energy sources. However, the integration of variable renewable energy sources into the power grid, on the other hand, is posing technical issues to the traditional grids. Since residential and commercial buildings account for 40% of the national energy consumption and are still increasing due to population growth, the monitoring information for the deployed grids that serve them is only available on the operator side. Thus, there is a need to counteract the existing grid architecture by having a system that integrates renewable energy sources and has demand-side customer-driven management. There has been tremendous growth in the energy sector in recent years, where smart grid technology was invented and continuously improved. Through this project, a prototype of a smart home energy management system using the Internet of Things that integrates renewable energy sources and is customer-driven is designed and built. The system monitors the environmental conditions in the rooms like temperature and light intensity and the occupancy and controls the electrical appliances, respectively. It also shifts the loads to an energy storage battery during peak hours.
Capstone Project submitted to the Department of Engineering, Ashesi University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Bachelor of Science degree in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, May 2022