Multi-hop wireless networking in smart homes for the elderly

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With the advent of the Internet of Things, Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) have played an important role in monitoring, tracking and sensing different environmental activities. A variety of MSNs have been used to conduct environmental monitoring. Some of these have failed, often due to the prototype nature of the projects. In agriculture, wireless sensor networks are used to regulate the temperature and humidity within commercial greenhouses. WSNs are iherently unreliable, resource-constrained nodes, and have dynamic topologies. This leads to transmission problems, node problems, link problems, route breakdowns, and congested nodes. However, the capability of the wireless device used limites the coverage area of wireless communication. In this project, a multi-hope wireless sensor network is implemented to control smart home devices while reducing the distance between source and destination nodes to improve energy efficiency.
Capstone Project submitted to the Department of Engineering, Ashesi University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Bachelor of Science degree in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, May 2022
Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs)