Browsing Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities by Subject "Africa"
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ItemContemporary Africa-China relations: Re-examining the collaboration-domination debate(2016-04) Zhang, Qi ChenAs China emerges to be a new global power, its relation with Africa is overheated with domination or collaboration debate. The pessimistic argues that China offers puny aid aimed at exploiting nature resources and creating a neo-colonialism state in Africa, while the optimistic argues that Chinese aid is aimed at creating mutual win-win collaboration that tend to lift poverty in Africa. This study will attempt to offer explanation using historical and aid/investment analysis as a focal point of reference. In this regard this work seeks to position Africa-China relation debate within historical, contemporary context as well as examine the nature of aid. ItemEconomic crisis of opportunity? The ageing of Africa 2015–2050(Ashesi University College, published by Mot Juste, 2016-07) Douglass, Richard LNote: There is no abstract for this article. What follows is the first paragraph of the paper The purpose of this brief discussion is to highlight issues of demographic changes associated with an ageing population in Africa and what, I believe, must happen to avoid the next social crisis among African nations, especially here in Ghana. However, this is not a discussion of doom, gloom and crisis, because the demographic changes that I will discuss are products of development. These are problems to overcome, for certain, but also opportunities that we hope become part of the current agenda throughout Ghanaian society instead of considered only to be a remote or theoretical concern of the future. ItemImpact of mergers and acquisitions on employment in Africa(2018-04) Akpawu, Michael KofiIn Africa, several empirical studies on mergers and acquisitions (M&A) have mainly focused on why they occur and not on their likely impact on macroeconomic indicators. Mergers and Acquisitions are major corporate actions but these raise imperative concerns about labour employment. The objective of this study therefore is to empirically test the impact of M&A on employment in Africa using annual time series and cross-sectional data of 14 African countries from 1990 to 2010. The study developed an empirical model in which M&A, interest rate, GDP growth and inflation are the explanatory variables, with employment as the dependent variable. Before the model is estimated, the time series features of the data are diagnosed. A panel dataset is created and the model is re estimated using the Feasible Generalized Least Squares (FGLS) estimator which corrects for heteroskedasticity and autocorrelation. The estimated results suggest that M&A have a statistically significant and negative relationship with employment in Africa. The implication of the study’s findings necessitates the need for employers to pay attention to the loss of institutional knowledge in using M&A as a tool for downsizing employment and the need for employees to learn new skills to increase their retention rates during an M&A deal. One major implication for policy makers in Africa such as trade unions and labour institutions is the need to negotiate for mutually beneficial post-merger integrating strategies geared towards the protection of workers interest.