Alcoholism among women and its impact on the socio-economic development of Ghana: A case study of Sandema
Alcoholism or abuse of alcohol is not new in Ghana. But alcoholism among women is something most people would be shocked to learn about. However, it should not be a surprise to anyone who comes from Sandema. Sandema is the capital of the Builsa District located in the Upper East Region of Ghana. It is an economically and socially deprived community with high levels of unemployment and illiteracy rate. The situation is even worse when you factor in gender. Women have it bad in many impoverished communities. However, when you factor in illiteracy, poverty and alcohol abuse; the reality is even worse. This paper explores the causes and impact of alcoholism among women in Sandema. It reports the findings of a qualitative study using surveys and personal interviews. The snowball sampling2 technique was employed to solicit data pertinent to the research questions. This study reveals that most women in society mainly abuse alcohol to avoid coping with the realities of life. However, this avoidance coping strategy often leads to more dangerous drinking that affects the health and socio-economic wellbeing of the women. It is thus hoped that policy options and community efforts are directed towards alleviating this growing menace to promote individual and societal development.
Thesis submitted to the Department of Business Administration, Ashesi University College, in partial fulfillment of Bachelor of Science degree in Business Administration, May 2012
Ghana, women, socio-economic impact, alcoholism, Sandema