Real-time disease surveillance and analytics to improve decision-making in Ghana's health sector

Date
2019
Authors
Odoko, Ekiyor Toluwani Shammah
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Abstract
People assume responsibility for their personal health, but on a nation-wide scale, governmental bodies exist to monitor the health status of citizens in the country. This process of monitoring is known as Public health surveillance. Public health surveillance consists of very important sub-categories and one of these categories is disease surveillance. Disease surveillance is concerned with monitoring the spread of diseases to establish trends or patterns. The common method of disease surveillance in West Africa & Ghana relies on the pen-and paper approach which is costly and untimely. The ineffectiveness of this approach was evident during the Ebola crisis in 2014. Since then Ghana has acquired a new system, the District Health Information Management System (DHIMS2) to conduct disease surveillance. The DHIMS 2 does a god job in eliminating most of the problems associated with previous implementations for public health surveillance, but it errs on the side of speed and reliability as data collation is not conducted in real-time and hence presents a lapse to the Ghana Health Service. Therefore, the aim of this project is to design and implement a scalable web-based application which health facilities will use to submit disease reports to health administrators who can in turn monitor this disease cases and perform analysis on them.
Description
Applied project submitted to the Department of Computer Science and Information Systems, Ashesi University, in partial fulfillment of Bachelor of Science degree in Computer Science, [April ?] 2019
Keywords
web application, Ghana, health information, district health information system, disease surveillance
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