Recycling as a strategy for revenue generation and municipal plastic waste management: The case of Accra Metropolitan Area

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The rapid growth of Accra and its associated increase in consumption have resulted in the generation of a large amount of solid waste, especially plastic waste. In fact, 300 metric tonnes of plastic waste is generated in Accra daily. However, only 5% of this waste is recycled. As a result, the Accra Metropolitan Assembly (AMA) is confronted with the problem of managing this waste as dumping, burning and the use of landfills are methods that are not environmentally sustainable. The goal of this research was to explore the reasons for poor plastic waste disposal methods and the challenges it poses to residents in Accra. It also sought to determine to what extent plastic waste is presently recycled in Accra and the challenges facing recycling as a waste management strategy. This study further explored the strategic role played by recycling in promoting the management of plastic waste, employment and wealth creation in Accra. To accomplish the aim of the research, the qualitative approach was embraced for the collection and analysis of data. Primary data was gained from semi-structured interviews. The data was then examined using content analysis through themes. From the findings, the recycling industry is currently underdeveloped and as at now, no association exists for recycling companies in Accra. The main problems that these companies that recycle encounter are lack of governmental support, apathetic attitude of the Ghanaian populace and the procurement and maintenance of equipment.
Undergraduate thesis submitted to the Department of Business Administration, Ashesi University, in partial fulfillment of Bachelor of Science degree in Business Administration, May 2020
Accra, plastic waste management, environmental policies, recycling industry, recycling equipment